Best Places to Sell Stock Photos - Transitioning to Book Cover Photography

Alexandre Rotenberg
January 11, 2021

‘Race to the bottom’ – we’ve all heard this dreadful phrase to describe the current state of the microstock industry. Particularly after many agencies have unexpected and inexplicably rushed to negatively change contributor payment schedules. 

The pressure on agencies to go lower on prices is aided by the growing presence of free-download (Creative Commons) photography agencies, such as Unsplash and Pexels, and the willingness of companies to use API services to seamlessly embed those free images into their workflow, newsletters, promo materials, and other forms of visual content.

Alternatives to Microstock Photo Agencies

Uploading to multiple stock photo sites seems to be the norm these days with only a minority of contributors choosing to go exclusive with Midstock agencies such as, Adobe Stock exclusive, Robert Harding, Getty and Offset by Shutterstock. The reason is simple, many contributors simply do not want to ‘put all their eggs in one basket’. In addition, earnings aren’t what they used to be, even within the premium exclusive agencies. 

With this challenging backdrop in mind, are there still opportunities out there, for hard-working microstock contributors and if so, which are now the best places to sell stock photos?

Enter the Book Cover Photography Niche

Covid-19 lockdowns through 2020 and onto 2021 have ensured that the global book publishing industry, particularly those sold digitally via Amazon, goes from strength to strength. Every single one of those books will require a book cover, usually licensed via stock photo companies.

Sure, stock photo buyers, usually designers, may license photos from the likes of Adobe Stock, Alamy, iStock / Getty  and Shutterstock for relatively cheap even with extended usages. However, those sites may not offer as many niche subjects, as well as the required exclusivity guarantee. Literally the last thing a publisher wants is a rival publisher using the same image/similar image within one of their books covers – more on this later.

Therefore, buyers may choose to go shop at more specialist agencies which cater to fine artsy type images that fit into the niches of romance, thrillers / suspense, crime, and period types of novels, etc. such as the following licensed via Trevillion:

Portfolio photography examples licensed via Trevillion


How much can you earn?

Depending on usage, stock photography best seller royalties may be upwards to net $1,000. This is not a typo - Alexandre Rotenberg, also known as the Brutally Honest guy, has blogged about his experience, including earnings with book covers. 

On average though, stock photo contributors can expect their images to be sold in the low net $100s each, which is considerably more than you would earn via Royalty-Free microstock licenses on any bread-and-butter stock photography websites. Before we get to specifics on selling such images, challenges, portfolio photos and tips, let’s take a quick look at the main players in the field.

Main Players within the Book Cover Stock Photography Market


There are two main premium agencies that provide imagery for the book cover industry, Arcangel Images and Trevillion Images. Both have impressive artistic collections, both have an exam to pass to become a contributor, and both provide contributors with significant royalties for sales, making them the best stock photo sites to sell book covers. However, Trevillion tends to be more selective on who they accept within their ranks. 

Focusing on Arcangel 

Therefore, in this post we will concentrate on Arcangel as a more viable option to become a contributor, particularly from those transitioning from microstock photography.

Currently their collection has just over 800,000 online searchable assets and they accept both – photography and illustrations. Arcangel has an industry-leading commission, which is 50% on all sales made and no images are sold at bargain basement prices.

Relatively few images in their photo portfolios means that they’re bound to be selective, but it also means they have not reached the point of content oversaturation, which is good news for contributors, if/once accepted.

Getting accepted

First, you must pass an exam, which can be submitted in two ways:
-  You can send Arcangel samples of your work (least 20 low res jpegs (600 pixels) to newcontributors@arcangel.com ; or
- You can use their online contributors form to submit samples of your work here

For more details on applying, see their New Contributor’s Guide. 

Curate the right types of images

To pass the exam, it is crucial to understand what type of imagery Arcangel is looking for. Book covers require specific images with specific style and look. Get acquainted with their collection and portfolio photography examples before submitting your images - I bet you would find their work to be a tad different from what you’ve done in the past. Also, a good idea to look at some examples on Amazon for the niches outlined earlier, such as “thriller”.


As they say, a picture worth a thousand words, so before delving into specifics, take a look at the batch that passed the Arcangel quality exam, it will give you a better idea as to what is expected.


Copyright: Elijah Lovkoff


Let’s start with two obvious points:

  • Most book covers are vertically oriented images. Arcangel accepts horizontally oriented images as well (landscape format) but they have less chances to be sold (unlike traditional microstock) due to heavy cropping. 


  • Images should have enough copy space to accommodate book titles and subtitles. That means A LOT of copy space, usually at the tops/bottoms. Take a look at the existing books below that utilize images from the Arcangel collection to see what amount of space is dedicated to book titles.


Example images licensed via Arcangel


Let Designers Design

Arcangel sometimes takes your image, cuts only the part that may work for the book cover and edits it to represent the desired concept. For the same reason, Arcangel has been known to create collages out of different images to create a book cover concept.

To illustrate this concept below, the source image used by Arcangel and the end result used for the actual book cover are shown below in two examples:


Copyright: Alexandre Rotenberg


  • Images should be processed in a specific way (more on that later). As you can see, these are not your typical microstock photography images and they may not even be accepted at typical microstock sites like Shutterstock, Adobe Stock, etc.


  • The most important tip, saved for the last. Your images should generally be exclusive to Arcangel or at the very least only licensed within their non-exclusive (NX collection) collection and distributed at non-microstock sites (either as Royalty-Free or Rights-Managed). This makes sense as it would be a bit of embarrassment for the book author to pay a hefty premium price for the book cover only to find the same image on Dreamstime earning the contributor only 30 cents. Books by definition should be unique, so are the images used for them. 


  • Once you’re hopefully accepted, you will receive a welcome email from Arcangel with a link to sign an online version of the contributor contract. 


Some tips you may find useful for submitting images to Arcangel:

Tip 1: Embrace your dark side

Most book covers tend to be on the darker and moodier spectrum. Even adding grain to your images can be justified in some cases as the following. 


Copyright: Elijah Lovkoff


Tip 2: Learn new post-processing techniques

One of the go-to tools for creating book covers is using VSCO (Visual Design Company) filters which are compatible with Adobe Lightroom and Adobe Photoshop, that emulate film and analog cameras from different vendors, such as Fuji, Canon, Sony, Leica and give images an artistic or even cinematic look, often with added grain, such as the following, with some adjustments, which was recently accepted within the Arcangel collection:


Raw on left vs right: Preset: N – Precisa 100 XP Over


What makes creating book covers fun is that the world is your oyster and you can try any creative techniques that provide means to achieve the end result, which makes for a nice change from traditional microstock. For example, using photoshop brushes to create a torn paper effect can be useful in some cases and can provide a lot of copy space.


Copyright: Elijah Lovkoff


Bird and cloud overlays, dramatic sky replacements, sun flares, added lightnings… you pretty much have no creativity limits when it comes to creating book covers. Even if the themes are slightly on the controversial side.

Copyright: Alexandre Rotenberg


Tip 3: Remove unnecessary details

Antennas sticking from the top of the buildings, ubiquitous tree branches that seem to invade every image, paintings, graffiti or spots on the walls, electric wires that criss-cross the sky, you name it – there is always something that gets in the frame that must be removed later.

If you do work with models, make sure that you pay attention to the small details, for instance if you’re creating a concept which is supposed to be in the 1940s, the clothes, make-up, technology and overall mood should match that period.

Tip 4: Embrace the “less is more” principle 

Which leads on to the next point that most of us have an almost insurmountable urge to squeeze as many ‘great things’ as possible into a single image. It may work for beautiful city skyline panorama but doesn’t work for book covers. You should stay on topic, be minimalistic and learn to think in ‘end result’ terms of how it may be used to tell a story – you are creating a book cover, not a stand-alone image.

Tip 5: Persistence is key

Being accepted on Arcangel is not a breeze, as it often takes contributors an average of three times before being accepted. If you’re rejected, take it on the chin and look at it as an opportunity to improve by studying different image processing workflows / techniques. Perhaps you need to accept your ‘darker side’ to break the habit of processing images in bright saturated colors as required by most microckstock agencies.

Once you are in and once you figure out what is expected from you, the submission rejection rate on batches hovers upwards to 75% for new contributors. One of the great Arcangel features is that you do not need to use any microstock keyword tools, as all keywording is done in-house by the Arcangel team.

Additional tips can be found here:
https://blog.arcangel.com/2018/09/04/what-do-we-look-for-in-book-cover-photography/

https://www.youtube.com/user/ArcangelimagesTV


Conclusion

As with any agency, building your photo portfolio on Arcangel and learning new skills for a niche market can take some time and effort. But the end-result is gratifying from a financial and creativity perspective. Having your photography work properly compensated is an extremely rare commodity these days and Arcangel is a rare agency that still provides fair pricing in 2021. Good luck!

Aleksej Vasic

Aleksej is the co-founder and General Manager of Lumina stock studio that has more than one million licences worldwide. With 10+ years in the stock industry, he knows its ins and outs, players and complexities as well as anyone.